Vitamins – Natural Supplements and Health benefits

 

What are vitamins?

vitaminsVitamins are essential nutrients your body needs in small amounts to work properly. Most people should get all the nutrients they need by eating a varied and balanced diet. Having much more than you need as  supplements, for too long can cause harmful effects.The body only needs small amounts of any vitamin.Vitamins are essential nutrients found in foods.They perform specific and vital functions in a variety of body systems, and are crucial for maintaining optimal health.

Classification:

There are 13 numbers of Vitamins. These Vitamins are classified into fat –soluble and water –soluble.

Vitamin foods

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin B1
  3. Vitamin B2
  4. Vitamin B3
  5. Vitamin B5
  6. Vitamin B6
  7. Vitamin B7
  8. Vitamin B9
  9. Vitamin B12
  10. Vitamin C,
  11. Vitamin D,
  12. Vitamin E,
  13. Vitamin K.

What are  fat-soluble vitamins ?
  • Fat-soluble vitamins are found mainly in fatty foods.
  • Body needs in small amounts to work properly
  • Body stores them in the liver and (adipose) fatty tissues for future use, when not used.
  • The body does not need these vitamins every day, they are there when you need them.
  • Fat-soluble vitamins will not be lost when the foods that contain them are cooked.
  • Having much more than you need, fat-soluble vitamins can be harmful and may lead to toxicity.
  • Eating a normal, well-balanced diet will be advisable.

Fat-soluble vitamins are:  Vitamin A, vitamin D,  vitamin E,  vitamin K

Fat-soluble foods are : Animal fats, including butter and lard, vegetable oils, dairy foods, liver and oily fish.

What are water-soluble vitamins ?
  • Water-soluble vitamins are found in fruit, vegetables and grains.
  • Water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body and must be replaced each day.
  • We require a continuous daily supply in our diet.
  • These vitamins are easily destroyed or washed out during food storage and cooking preparation.
  • Proper storage and preparation of food is must.
  • Having much more than you need ,body gets rid of the extra vitamins when you urinate
  • Using megadoses of multivitamins or supplements is not recommended.
  • Eating a normal, well-balanced diet will be advisable.

Water-soluble vitamins are :  Vitamin C, and the B vitamins.

Water-soluble foods are : Citrus fruits, cereal grains, meat, poultry, eggs, fish, milk, legumes and fresh vegetables.


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